He was perhaps the most important Latin American poet of the 20th century. Neruda was a precocious boy who began to write poetry at age His father tried to discourage him from writing and never cared for his poems, which was probably why the young poet began to publish under the pseudonym Pablo Neruda, which he was legally to adopt in Neruda first published his poems in the local newspapers and later in magazines published in the Chilean capital, Santiago. In he moved to Santiago to continue his studies and become a French teacher. There he experienced loneliness and hunger and took up a bohemian lifestyle. His first book of poems, Crepusculario , was published in
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Neruda became known as a poet when he was 13 years old, and wrote in a variety of styles, including surrealist poems, historical epics, overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and passionate love poems such as the ones in his collection Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair Neruda occupied many diplomatic positions in various countries during his lifetime and served a term as a Senator for the Chilean Communist Party. When Neruda returned to Chile after his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Allende invited him to read at the Estadio Nacional before 70, people. Although it was long reported that he died of heart failure, the Interior Ministry of the Chilean government issued a statement in acknowledging a Ministry document indicating the government's official position that "it was clearly possible and highly likely" that Neruda was killed as a result of "the intervention of third parties". Neruda is often considered the national poet of Chile, and his works have been popular and influential worldwide. Soon after her death, Reyes moved to Temuco , where he married a woman, Trinidad Candia Malverde, with whom he had another child born nine years earlier, a boy named Rodolfo de la Rosa.
Share this poet:. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda. Neruda wrote in a variety of styles such as erotically charged love poems as in his collection Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair, surrealist poems, historical epics, and overtly political manifestos. In Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Click here to add this poet to your My Favorite Poets. I want you to know one thing. You know how this is
His poetic mastery was never in doubt, and for it he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in Neruda died on September 23, , with subsequent investigations exploring whether he might have been poisoned. His father worked for the railroad, and his mother was a teacher who died shortly after his birth. In , he contributed to the literary journal Selva Austral under the pen name Pablo Neruda, which he assumed in honor of Czech poet Jan Neruda. Twenty Love Poems made Neruda a celebrity, and he thereafter devoted himself to verse.